Factories Act, 1948
The Factories Act, 1948 is a social legislation which has been enacted for occupational safety, health and welfare of workers at work places. The objective of the Act is to regulate the conditions of work in manufacturing establishments coming within the definition of the term 'factory' as used in the Act. It applied to any premises where 10 or more workers are working and a manufacturing process is carried out with aid of power (20 if manufacture is without aid of power).
The object is to secure to workers health, safety, welfare, proper working hours and other benefits. Factories Act is enacted primarily with object to of protecting workers employed in factories against industrial and occupational hazards. The Act requires that workers should work in healthy and sanitary conditions and for that purpose it provides that precautions should be taken for safety of workers and prevention of accidents. Manufacturing process means process of altering, repairing, ornamenting, finishing, packing, oiling, washing, cleaning, breaking up, demolishing or otherwise treating or adopting any article or substance. It also includes pumping oil, water, sewage or any other substance Generating, transforming or transmitting power Composing, typing, printing Constructing etc.
Registers to be maintained
Muster Roll | Register of adult workers | Leave with wage register | Register of while washing Attendance Card | Leave Book | Particulars of rooms. Register of compulsory holiday | Notice of Period of work | Register of Accident.